Who are Archway and Spectrum of Solutions?
Archway is a professional counseling and neurotherapy practice, established in 2009 and offering both psychotherapy and neurotherapy services to adults, children and families with a wide range of issues, including anxiety, depression, learning disorders and other life adjustment and health issues. Spectrum of Solutions is affiliated with MARC Texas and serves as a therapeutic epicenter for the West Texas region. Spectrum offers comprehensive evaluations conducted by specialists in the fields of speech language pathology, education, psychology, developmental-behavioral pediatrics and neurotherapy. In partnership with the only Board Certified Developmental-Behavioral Pediatrician in the area, Dr. Macferran oversees and ensures that all therapeutic measures are applied in conjunction with any medical factors pertinent to each case. Archway provides neurotherapy services on-site as a contract provider.
What is Biofeedback?
Biofeedback is a process that enables an individual to learn how to change physiological activity for the purposes of improving health and performance. Precise instruments measure physiological activity such as brainwaves, heart function, breathing, muscle activity, and skin temperature. These instruments rapidly and accurately “feedback” information to the user. The presentation of this information — often in conjunction with changes in thinking, emotions, and behavior — supports desired physiological changes. Over time, these changes can endure without continued use of an instrument. This definition was ratified by the Task Force on Nomenclature in 2008
What is Neurofeedback?
Like other forms of biofeedback, Neurofeedback training (NFT) uses monitoring devices to provide moment-tomoment information to an individual on the state of their physiological functioning. The characteristic that distinguishes NFT from other biofeedback is a focus on the central nervous system and the brain. NFT has its foundations in basic and applied neuroscience as well as data-based clinical practice. It takes into account behavioral, cognitive, and subjective aspects as well as brain activity. NFT is preceded by an objective assessment of brain activity and psychological status. During training, sensors are placed on the scalp and then connected to sensitive electronics and computer software that detect, amplify, and record specific brain activity, commonly called the EEG or electroencephalogram. Resulting information is fed back to the trainee virtually instantaneously with the conceptual understanding that changes in the feedback signal indicate whether or not the trainee’s brain activity is within the designated range. Based on this feedback, various principles of learning, and practitioner guidance, changes in brain patterns occur and are associated with positive changes in physical, emotional, and cognitive states. Often the trainee is not consciously aware of the mechanisms by which such changes are accomplished although people routinely acquire a “felt sense” of these positive changes and often are able to access these states outside the feedback session. 2 ©2016 NFT does not involve either surgery or medication and is neither painful nor embarrassing. When provided by a licensed healthcare professional with appropriate training, generally trainees do not experience negative side-effects. Typically trainees find NFT to be an interesting experience. Neurofeedback operates at a brain functional level and transcends the need to classify using existing diagnostic categories. It modulates the brain activity at the level of the neuronal dynamics of excitation and inhibition which underlie the characteristic effects that are reported. Research demonstrates that neurofeedback is an effective intervention for ADHD and Epilepsy. Ongoing research is investigating the effectiveness of neurofeedback for other disorders such as Autism, headaches, insomnia, anxiety, substance abuse, TBI and other pain disorders, and is promising. Being a self-regulation method, NFT differs from other accepted research-consistent neuro-modulatory approaches such as audio-visual entrainment (AVE) and repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) that provoke an automatic brain response by presenting a specific signal. Nor is NFT based on deliberate changes in breathing patterns such as respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) that can result in changes in brain waves. At a neuronal level, NFT teaches the brain to modulate excitatory and inhibitory patterns of specific neuronal assemblies and pathways based upon the details of the sensor placement and the feedback algorithms used thereby increasing flexibility and self-regulation of relaxation and activation patterns. The International Society for Neurofeedback and Research (see www.isnr.org) is the largest group of licensed professionals involved in the practice, teaching, and research of NFT. Some members of ISNR have sought and received certification by the Biofeedback Certification Institute of America (see www.bcia.org). Members of ISNR subscribe to a code of ethics providing an added measure of accountability to the standards of their profession. Additionally, ISNR is committed to supporting new developments by publishing a professional journal and newsmagazine, by producing a well-attended annual conference, and by encouraging large studies of NFT through the ISNR Research Foundation. This definition was ratified by the ISNR Board of Directors on January 10, 2009 and edited on June 11, 2010
What type of symptoms can be addressed with neurofeedback?
A partial lists includes:
- ADHD – hyperactive/inattentive/combination
- Autism, Aspergers, and Developmental Delay
- Depression or mood disorders
- Explosiveness and Irritability
- Head Injury/ TBI
- Insomnia and sleep issues
- Learning disorders, like dyslexia
- Migraines/ headaches
- Chronic Pain
- Substance Abuse
- Sensory Integration Issues
What types of Neurotherapy are provided by Archway?
Several different technologies are used by our therapists. System selection is based on the individual needs of the client based on their QEEG analysis. Here is a list of services we provide: Full Neuroguide QEEG Brain mapping by Applied Neuroscience
- Loreta Z-Score and 19 channel surface Z-Score Neurofeedback by Applied Neuroscience
- LENSware3 – Low Energy Neurofeedback System by Ochs Labs
- Pulsing ElectroMagneticFrequency (pEMF) System and Q20 amplifier by Neurofield
- tDCS/tACS/tRNS – transcranial Direct Current/Alternating Current/Random Noise Stimulation by Neurofield
- Live 19 channel surface Z-Score EEG Neurofeedback using Atlantis 4×4 and Discovery24 by BrainMaster
- HeartMath – Heart Rate Variability Biofeedback
- BAUD – Bio-Acoustical Utilization Device
- Interactive Metronome – Neuro-Motor Therapy Tool
- IVA-2 (Integrated Tests of Variables of Attention) by BrainTrain
- Cogmed – Working Memory Program by Pearson
- Q Laser 1000 – low level light therapy (LLLT)
- Photonic Stimulator – InfraRed light therapy
- Biomat – amethyst low IR therapy pad
- Traditional Psychotherapy
What is a Quantitative Electroencephalogram (QEEG)?
It is a tool that is designed to help link symptoms and behavior to functional networks in the brain. EEG neuro-imaging is used to evaluate Brodmann Areas and nodes and connections of functional networks in the brain likely linked to symptoms, statically or in real-time. The data for this analysis is collected through a capping system that is placed on the head or by carefully applying 19 sensors to the scalp in the traditional 10-20 pattern, shown below. Archway uses the Neuroguide technology for this data collection, analysis and application of neurofeedback for most clients. The reports generated help to guide the course of training and demonstrate the energy patterns within the client.
Information about Neuroguide and Dr. Robert Thatcher can be found at www.appliedneuroscience.com
10-20 Nomenclature System
What is Loreta Z-Score Neurofeedback?
LORETA refers to LOw Resolution Electromagnetic Tomography Analysis. This is a kind of QEEG analysis that provides an estimation of the location of the underlying brainwave generators (e.g., the anterior cingulate, insula, fusiform gyrus) within a frequency bandwidth. It requires the application of an entire electrode cap that must be applied in every session. Z-Score neurofeedback refers the statistical value of “Z” that is the norm, or average, of a standard distribution curve. The goal of training is to help move clients’ energy patterns toward a targeted norm (Z-Score = 0) based on a normative database of high functioning, healthy individuals. Z-Score training can included a range of frequencies from 1-30 Hz and a number of channels/sites from 2 to 19, depending on the needs of the client. LORETA Z-Score neurofeedback gathers the knowledge and analysis and methods of the Loreta and surface data and has been found to provide faster, more significant change in clients functioning through 4 ©2016 the training of brain networks. These brain networks underlie the operation of the various biological systems and, when identified as being dysfunctional, can be targeted through the protocol design to bring those systems back “on line”.
Information about Loreta Z-Score and Dr. Robert Thatcher can be found at www.appliedneuroscience.com
What is LENSware Neurotherapy?
LENSware or LENS, low energy neurofeedback system, uses the same type of sensors and EEG amplifier used in traditional neurofeedback. In traditional neurofeedback, the feedback is presented in tones, visual displays, simple games or DVD feedback in a client-involved, operant-conditioning fashion. In LENS, the feedback is a very low power electrical signal, approximately 10 million times weaker than the earth’s magnetic field. The feedback travels down the same wires carrying the brain waves to the amplifier and computer. Although the feedback signal is weak, it produces a measurable change in the brainwaves without conscious effort from the individual receiving the feedback. The LENS software allows the EEG signals that are recorded at the scalp to control the feedback. The feedback signal is at a frequency that is different from, but correlates with, the dominant brainwave frequency. When exposed to this feedback frequency, the EEG amplitude distribution changes. The result is a changed brainwave state, and much greater ability for the brain to regulate itself. LENS is a whole head approach, whereby there is a process of rapidly assessing all 21 10-20 sites to help identify the optimal training process. Depending upon a person’s sensitivity and hardiness any number of sites are trained in a session. Training sessions may only take approximately fifteen minutes dependent upon the number of sites selected.
Information about LENS and Dr. Len Ochs can be seen at www.ochslabs.com and in The Healing Power of Neurofeedback (2006) by Steve Larsen, Ph.D
What is NeuroField?
NeuroField is a new instrument that adds energy to a system that restores itself. A cap is fitted to the head which is connected to the NeuroField hardware and software. The program is generated via the computer.
NeuroField is not a medical device. NeuroField is not intended to be used for the diagnosis of medical problems. NeuroField is intended for the use of stress reduction and energetic balancing of the neurological energy field created by the human brain. NeuroField, Inc. does not make any claims that this device can cure, heal, or medically treat disease.
NeuroField is a catalyst for healing. The changes that occur happen because the system heals itself. The treatment is stress reduction. When the body is deficient energetically it enters into an increased state of stress. That leads to all sorts of problems.
We reduce that stress by giving energy. The notion that low intensity electromagnetic stimulation could be of clinical value was one of the driving forces behind the development of the NeuroField technology. The NeuroField X2000/Plus and X3000 are four channel frequency generators that are capable of generating a low intensity electromagnetic pulse ranging from 1-3 milligauss which is 10,000,000 times weaker than a pulse given by rTMS (repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation) devices.
The device provides a low intensity stimulation and then immediately measure EEG and/or HRV. The neurotherapy is delivered using either cap or through 4 or 8 individual coils, or paddles. The stimulation can be used all over the body for a number of issues. NeuroField also supplies us with our Q20 amplifiers for EEG data collection, providing the cleanest outputs in the industry. 5 ©2016 This technology has been approved by the FDA, but is also experimental and is currently being evaluated by licensed health care professionals.
The clinical use of NeuroField is primarily for stress reduction and relaxation. Information about Neurofield and Dr. Nicholas Dogris can be found at www.neurofield.org.
What does a session involve?
A session involves personal attention by one of our therapists. The NFT involves an evaluation of the client’s symptoms and then application of some type of device to the head and ears and/or the body; various types of pastes and gels are applied to the equipment, then placed on the body to provide energy conduction from the body, through the amplifier and into the computer systems. As described above, the therapy is painless and usually takes about 30-45 minutes. For more details, visit archwaysupport.com.
Are there side effects?
No, there are no recorded instances of these systems causing harm. The energies you are exposed in therapy are thousands of times weaker than energies you are exposed to every day from cell phones, remote phones in your home, or radio, TV and microwave transmission towers. In over 50 years of research and many trials, neurotherapy has proved itself to be successful without the harmful side effects of medication. Some clients experienced a feeling of tiredness or excessive energy or irritability within 24 hours of therapy, much like any type of exercise.
How many times a week do I or my child need to attend the clinic?
Most people visit our clinic once or twice a week. Some cases may require daily or bi-daily visits in an intensive style therapy. Because we work on an individual basis (one clinician with one client) each person’s session may involve more than one method or approach per session. More sessions do not necessarily mean faster improvements. Each client changes at their own rate.
How many sessions will I or my child need?
Most people will be training between 10 to 40 sessions. The effectiveness of the therapy will depend on the client’s issues, the intensity of the issue, the health of the individual, their sensitivity, reactivity and hardiness and the systems used. All clients will be mapped using either the QEEG or the LENSware system. In an effort to offer the most advanced program possible, we may determine that a more intense assessment of the client is necessary. We use the latest and most precise assessment technology available today, such as the Neuroguide QEEG brain assessment mapping system, as well as other assessment tools and questionnaires. These analyses give us a scientific and precise workup of the client. From this information we prepare a training plan unique to each person. We meet with the client (or the child’s parents) regularly to discuss you or your child’s progress.
Can clients talk during neurotherapy?
Yes, most clients visiting ARCHWAY are also in the need of psychotherapy or counseling. When using the LENSware and Neurofield systems, the clients are free to engage with the therapist without interruption from the neurofeedback. Z-Score and Loreta Z-Score neurofeedback, however, do require focus on the feedback output. In these cases, time is set aside either before or after to discuss whatever the client chooses to bring to therapy and to check-in with the client’s history.
If QEEG and Neurotherapy are so good, why aren't more clinicians using them?
Most psychologists and physicians simply have not been educated in the clinical applications of EEG biofeedback and are unaware of the existing research and clinical literature, in spite of the fact that the applications to anxiety, epilepsy, and ADD date back to the 1970’s. Furthermore, the instrumentation is expensive and requires serious study and training to use competently. An estimated 2,000 clinicians are using Neurotherapy and QEEG in the USA. At Archway, we find board certification and regular training important to continue to offer clients the latest, most advanced tools and techniques by qualified, licensed professionals.
How do I know which facility to contact?
Feel free to call Archway or Spectrum of Solutions. The therapists will evaluate your needs and direct you to the office and/or therapist that can accommodate your schedule as quickly as possible and best fits your clinical needs.
How do I set up an appointment?
It is very easy to work with us. Please call our office and we will be happy to briefly discuss your options or schedule a consultation if you would like more information. Of course, an appointment is an option if you are ready to begin therapy. If you reach our voice messaging system, please leave a message and we will return your call at our earliest convenience.
Contact us at: 432-682-2724
2409 W. Texas Avenue
Midland, Texas 79701
Spectrum of Solutions:
1005 W. Illinois, Suite D
Midland, Texas 79705