Frequently Asked Questions
Both Archway businesses offer professional counseling and neurotherapy practice for adults, children and families with a wide range of issues, including anxiety, depression, learning disorders and other life adjustment and health issues. They both offer the same unique variety of neurotherapy systems and techniques. Archway Outreach is a nonprofit organization that offers discounted session fees for families that demonstrate financial need based on family income, family size and number of therapies/ modalities of the client. See our Archway Outreach page for details on
donating and ask a therapist for an application for funding.
Biofeedback is a process that enables an individual to learn how to change physiological activity for the purposes of improving health and performance. Precise instruments measure physiological activity such as brainwaves, heart function, breathing, muscle activity, and skin temperature. These instruments rapidly and accurately “feedback” information to the user. The presentation of this information — often in conjunction with changes in thinking, emotions, and behavior — supports desired physiological changes. Over time, these changes can endure without continued use of an instrument. This definition was ratified by the Task Force on Nomenclature in 2008.
Like other forms of biofeedback, Neurofeedback training (NFT) uses monitoring devices to provide moment-to-moment information to an individual on the state of their physiological functioning. The characteristic that distinguishes NFT from other biofeedback is a focus on the central nervous system and the brain. During training, sensors are placed on the scalp and then connected to sensitive electronics and computer software that detect, amplify, and record specific brain activity, commonly called the EEG or electroencephalogram. In traditional neurofeedback, the feedback is presented in tones, visual displays, simple games or DVD feedback in a client-involved, operant-conditioning fashion. NFT does not involve either surgery or medication and is neither painful nor embarrassing. When provided by a licensed healthcare professional with appropriate training, generally trainees do not experience negative side-effects. For more details, see our Neurotherapy
A partial lists includes:
- ADHD – hyperactive/inattentive/combination
- Autism, Aspergers, and Developmental Delay
- Depression or mood disorders
- Explosiveness and Irritability
- Head Injury/ TBI
- Insomnia and sleep issues
- Learning disorders, like dyslexia
- Migraines/ headaches
- Chronic Pain
- Substance Abuse
- Sensory Integration Issues
It is a tool that is designed to help link symptoms and behavior to functional networks in the brain. EEG neuro-imaging is used to evaluate Brodmann Areas and nodes and connections of functional networks in the brain likely linked to symptoms, statically or in real-time. The data for this analysis is collected through a capping system that is placed on the head or by carefully applying 19 sensors to the scalp in the traditional 10-20 pattern, shown below. Archway uses the Neuroguide technology for this data collection, analysis and application of neurofeedback for most clients. The reports generated help to guide the course of training and demonstrate the energy patterns within the client.
Information about Neuroguide and Dr. Robert Thatcher can be found at www.appliedneuroscience.com
LORETA refers to LOw Resolution Electromagnetic Tomography Analysis. This is a kind of QEEG analysis that provides an estimation of the location of the underlying brainwave generators (e.g., the anterior cingulate, insula, fusiform gyrus) within a frequency bandwidth. It requires the application of an entire electrode cap that must be applied in every session. Z-Score neurofeedback refers the statistical value of “Z” that is the norm, or average, of a standard distribution curve. The goal of training is to help move clients’ energy patterns toward a targeted norm (Z-Score = 0) based on a normative database of high functioning, healthy individuals. Z-Score training can included a range of frequencies from 1-30 Hz and a number of channels/sites from 2 to 19, depending on the needs of the client. LORETA Z-Score neurofeedback gathers the knowledge and analysis and methods of the Loreta and surface data and has been found to provide faster, more significant change in clients functioning through 4 ©2016 the training of brain networks. These brain networks underlie the operation of the various biological systems and, when identified as being dysfunctional, can be targeted through the protocol design to bring those systems back “on line”.
Information about Loreta Z-Score and Dr. Robert Thatcher can be found at www.appliedneuroscience.com
LENSware or LENS, low energy neurofeedback system, uses the same type of sensors and EEG amplifier used in traditional neurofeedback. In traditional neurofeedback, the feedback is presented in tones, visual displays, simple games or DVD feedback in a client-involved, operant-conditioning fashion. In LENS, the feedback is a very low power electrical signal, approximately 10 million times weaker than the earth’s magnetic field. The feedback travels down the same wires carrying the brain waves to the amplifier and computer. Although the feedback signal is weak, it produces a measurable change in the brainwaves without conscious effort from the individual receiving the feedback. The LENS software allows the EEG signals that are recorded at the scalp to control the feedback. The feedback signal is at a frequency that is different from, but correlates with, the dominant brainwave frequency. When exposed to this feedback frequency, the EEG amplitude distribution changes. The result is a changed brainwave state, and much greater ability for the brain to regulate itself. LENS is a whole head approach, whereby there is a process of rapidly assessing all 21 10-20 sites to help identify the optimal training process. Depending upon a person’s sensitivity and hardiness any number of sites are trained in a session. Training sessions may only take approximately fifteen minutes dependent upon the number of sites selected.
Information about LENS and Dr. Len Ochs can be seen at www.ochslabs.com and in The Healing Power of Neurofeedback (2006) by Steve Larsen, Ph.D
NeuroField is the inventor and supplier of several neuromodulation devices. The notion that low intensity electromagnetic stimulation could be of clinical value was one of the driving forces behind the development of the NeuroField technology. Neuromodulation, at the clinical level, is comprised of transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS), transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), transcranial random noise stimulation (tRNS) and pulsed electro-magnetic field stimulation (PEMF). These various modalities are used in customized and nuanced ways to aid our clients’ brain and body function based on the data collected in the qEEG mapping process. Each method has a different method of delivery and a specific purpose in changing the body. Information about Neurofield and Dr. Nicholas Dogris can be found at www.neurofield.org.
A session involves personal attention by one of our therapists. The NFT involves an evaluation of the client’s symptoms and then application of some type of device to the head and ears and/or the body; various types of pastes and gels are applied to the equipment, then placed on the body to provide energy conduction from the body, through the amplifier and into the computer systems. As described above, the therapy is painless and usually takes about 30-45 minutes. For more details, visit archwaysupport.com.
Archway has one central phone number (432) 682-2724. All calls are managed and assigned to the appropriate professional. If you are specifically interested in certain types of therapy, a certain therapist, fee applications or other important information regarding your situation, please include those details and questions in the message you leave for us. Because every client is important to us and we want to help you achieve the best therapy outcome, the more information you can provide to us, the better we will be able to match you with the professional that fits your needs. Please see our About Us page for information on our therapists and the Contact Us page for ways to get in touch.
It is very easy to work with us. Please call our office and we will be happy to briefly discuss your options or schedule a consultation if you would like more information. Of course, an appointment is an option if you are ready to begin therapy. If you reach our voice messaging system, please leave a message and we will return your call at our earliest convenience.
Contact us at: 432-682-2724
2409 W. Texas Avenue
Midland, Texas 79701
Contact us at: 432-682-2724
114 N. Midkiff
Midland, Texas 79701